On 24 November 2020, the European Commission issued a new set of guidelines inviting EU Member States to strengthen their action for better integrating migrants into European societies.
The EU’s new Action Plan for Integration and Inclusion is part of the Commission’s package on EU asylum policy and a follow-up step to a previous integration plan from 2016, which covered only non-EU nationals.
The main actions under the new plan are focused on migrants’ education and training, employment opportunities and skills recognition, access to health services, as well as housing.
The critical aspect of this plan is its not legally binding nature. In fact, most of the involved policy areas – education, health, employment, housing – are the responsibility of national governments, meaning there will be no legal obligation on Member States to follow the Commission’s plan.
The plan also includes a survey to be carried out by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights in 2022 proving a breakdown of ethnicities to evaluate migrants’ integration in the short-term and to collect accurate and comparable data to monitor the effectiveness of policies in the long-term.
For more details on the EU’s Migration Pact and Action Plan, please consult this page.